Germany Fallschirmjâger and Airborne Operations WW2: CAMPAIGN Military History Publishers

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Germany Fallschirmjâger and Airborne Operations WW2: CAMPAIGN  by  Military History Publishers

Germany Fallschirmjâger and Airborne Operations WW2: CAMPAIGN by Military History Publishers
| Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 286 pages | ISBN: | 8.39 Mb

Though Germany only started to become interested in the raising of airborne forces in the mid-1930s, under the auspices of the Nazis the foundations were established upon which an entire airborne division could be created. But first an air force andMoreThough Germany only started to become interested in the raising of airborne forces in the mid-1930s, under the auspices of the Nazis the foundations were established upon which an entire airborne division could be created.

But first an air force and air industry had to be created from scratch following defeat in World WarThe development of the German Fallschirmjäger (parachutists) formations can be traced back to the years preceding World War I. During the years between 1900 and 1914, two major revolutionary military developments emerged. The first was the submersible- the second, and more junior, was powered flight. All Europe was fascinated by the latter, being beguiled by the fantasies and hysteria that surrounded it. In Germany in particular there was much interest shown in powered flight, although in Great Britain the relevant authorities were sceptical.

In 1909, for example, the British Committee of Imperial Defence reported that it had yet to be shown whether aeroplanes are sufficiently reliable to be used under unfavourable weather conditions. The committee has been unable to obtain any trustworthy evidence to show whether any great improvement was to be expected in the immediate future. The high cost of an aeroplane, £1000, was noted and the committee concluded that £45,000 should be invested in airship research instead. The War Office soon announced that aeroplane experiments had ceased as the cost has proved too great: £2500. Meanwhile, by 1909 the French had expended the equivalent of £47,000 on aeroplanes for the army.

The Germans, wishing to dominate the fledgling science, spent the equivalent of £400,000 on aeroplane research alone.In Germany an aviation test project was set up, overseen by Captain de le Roi of the German War Ministry, and a technical section was established under a staff officer, Major Hesse. To link the efforts of the army with those of private industry, an inspectorate was established under the command of Lieutenant-General Freiherr von Lyncker. The result of this unification between government and industry was the establishment of an aircraft design agency.

In 1909, aircraft were used by the military for the first time during manoeuvres watched by Kaiser Wilhelm II. The following year saw the establishment of the first flying schools, and on 8 July 1910 Captain de le Roi assumed command of the provisional flying school at Döberitz. The Flying Command Döberitz consisted of Captain de le Roi, together with Lieutenant Geerdtz, and Second Lieutenants Mackenthun and von Tarnoczy. A week later the four began their flying instruction, and by the middle of December the next six officers had completed their course of instruction.

The German War Ministry, impressed by the promising results of the flying school, allocated a sum of 110,000 Marks for the purchase of aircraft - the first step towards a German air force had been taken. A system of pilots licences had also been introduced in 1910, administered by the German Aviation Association and the Inspectorate of Transport for Military Troops and Civilian Pilots. The first to gain one was August Euler on 1 February 1910.

To reward military pilots and to give an outward recognition of their prowess, the Kaiser introduced the Military Pilots Badge on 27 January 1913.



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